It takes two for music to become chamber music. In this program two of the larger duos for the constellation of violin and cello, by Kodály and Honegger respectively, will be examined in relation to excerpts from Bach’s “The Art of Fugue” as well as to significantly younger works by Xenakis and Holliger. Bach wrote his work for keyboard instruments but in an arrangement for violin and cello offers the opportunity to explore the historical roles of the two instruments as on one hand a melody instrument and the other a bass instrument. Kodaly and Honegger wrote their duos with the idea in mind that both instruments we equal in the roles of soloist vs. accompanist but also tested the limits of the technical abilities of each instrumentalist. In the works of Xenakis and Holliger it is not only the technical or collaborative limits that are challenged but also several newer ideas about what kind of a soundscape can be created beyond the realm of the conventional instrumental- and composition techniques.